Let’s read the heartbreaking story of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

The history of India is filled with moments of disheartening stories of miseries. But what happened on the day of 13th April 1919, is the extreme of human wickedness and degeneracy.
What makes the event even more horrific is that no one was held responsible. 

On 13 April 1919, the people of Amritsar gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh. They have gathered to celebrate a festival of Hindus and Sikhs, Baisakhi. But they were also there to protest against the arrest of two local leaders. Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew had worked intensively with Gandhi in organizing mass protests in the Punjab region.

Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, had got intel of a major insurrection on the occasion of Baishakhi. He had announced a city-wide curfew. Back in the day, news used to travel slowly. So people gathered on the ground either did not know about the curfew or they were angrily disobeying it.

General Dyer got the news of the gathering and he took hundreds of his men to the site. On their arrival, first, they sealed the entrance and the exit of the park. Then the policemen surrounded the park from all angles. What followed was one of the cruellest moments of Indian history. Dyer ordered his men to open fire on the peaceful protestors. They kept on firing till they were out of bullets. Men, women, children, no one was the exception. Panicked by the firing, many of the protestors jumped in a nearby well. That was their only shelter in the whole of the park.

After painting the Jallianwala red, Dyer and his men left the scene as quickly as they had arrived. An estimated 1600 bullets were fired killing more than thousands and injuring more than 1500.

The next day, Dyer reported its seniors a total of only 300 deaths.

The massacre of Jallianwala Bagh got a lot of press worldwide. But the reaction in Britain was close to nothing. Most people defended Dyer’s action while some even applauded him. Even the great author and Nobel winner, Rudyard Kipling stated in favour of Dyer.

But the reaction in India was full of rage, rightfully so. Rabindranath Tagore had returned the Knighthood awarded by the British Monarch. Gandhi and other INC leaders started planning for a nationwide movement. A year later they launched the Non-cooperation movement. Both peaceful and violent protests took place all around the country. 

The British government punished Dyer just enough to ease down the protest. He was demoted from the position of General and disallowed to serve in India. Dyer lived the remainder of his life peacefully in Britain.
A century later, Britain is yet to apologize for this horrendous act of inhumanity.Jallianwala Bagh massacre is a reminder of what life under colonialism was. 

Though the lives lost on that fateful day did not get their justice, this event sparked a fire inside many. One such revolutionary was Bhagat Singh.
This event is also dubbed the turning point of the Indian revolution by historians. An incident that unified Indians. An incident that sped up the work of Mahatma Gandhi. An incident that marked the beginning of the end for the British Empire.

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